Standard - American Bulldog

The Bulldog originated as a catch dog (mostly cattle) and property protection dog in America's Southeast. He was not bred to put on threat displays or to look a certain way. But he did need the right equipment to take care of his real bulldog duties, which were confrontational personal and property protection and as a catch dog. He needed to be strong enough to put unruly bulls on the ground and athletic enough to catch hogs that were allowed to free range in a semi-wild state.

General Appearance
The Bulldog should generate the impression of great strength, agility, endurance and exhibit a well-knit, sturdy, compact frame with the absence of excessive bulk. Males are characteristically larger, heavier boned and more masculine than the bitches. The AS is a white or white and patched (brindle or red) dog. When patched he can range from the traditional pied markings of a patch over one or both eyes or ears, or a patch on the base of the tail, to a large saddle patch and various other patches. For judging purposes, distinctions between an ideal "Workingtype" and an ideal "ClassBullytype" are defined in brackets and in bold.

Size General
Males ­ 22 to 50 inches at the withers and weigh from 65 to 175 Ibs. Females ­ 19 to 40 inches at the withers, 60 to 150 Ibs. The weight should be proportional to size.

[WorkingBulldogType: an ideal males should be 20 to 37 inches at the withers and weigh from 65 to 175 Ibs., females, 19 to 25 inches, 60 to 140 Ibs. The weight should be proportional to size.]

[ClassBullytype: an ideal male should be 22 to 50 inches at the withers and weigh from 80 to 185 Ibs. Females 20 to 44 inches, 60 to 170 lbs.]

Medium in length and broad across skull with pronounced muscular cheeks.

Medium in size. Any color. The hew should not be visible. Black eye rims preferred on white dogs. Pink eye rims to be considered a cosmetic fault.

Medium length (2 to 4 in.), square and broad with a strong underjaw. Lips should be full but not pendulous. 42 to 44 teeth.

[WorkingBulldogstype: tight undershot (reverse scissors) preferred. Scissors and even bites are considered a cosmetic fault. Structural faults are a muzzle under 2 inches or longer than 4 inches, pendulous lips, less than 42 teeth, more than 1/4 inch undershot, small teeth or uneven incisors.]

[ClassyBulldogstype: definite undershot, 1/8 to 1/4 inch preferred. Scissors or even bite is a disqualification. Structural faults are a muzzle under 2 inches or over 4 inches.]

All Color is good like black, red, blue, grizzle or pink. On black nosed dogs the lips should be black with some pink allowed. 

Cropped or uncropped. Uncropped preferred.

Muscular, medium in length, slightly arched, tapering from shoulders to head, with a slight dewlap allowed.

Very muscular with wide sloping blades, shoulders set so elbows are not angled out.

Chest, Back and Loin
The chest should be deep and moderately wide without being excessively wide as to throw the shoulders out. The back should be of medium length, strong and broad. Loins should be slightly tucked which corresponds to a slight roach in the back which slopes to the stern. Faults: sway back, narrow or shallow chest, lack of tuck up.

Very broad and well muscled and in proportion to the shoulders. Narrow hips are a very serious fault.

Strong and straight with heavy bone. Front legs should not set too close together or too far apart. Faults: in at the elbows or excessively bowlegged. Rear legs should have a visible angulation of the stifle joint.

Moderate size, toes of medium length, well arched and close together, not splayed. Pasterns should be strong, straight and upright.

Set low, thick at the root, tapering to a point. Tail should not curl over back. No Docking of the tail, it helps the dog balance so he can move while working.

Short, close, stiff to the touch, not long and fuzzy.

All Colors are good, like Black, Red, Blue, White, Brindle, Red Patches, Black Brindle etc. (All Colors are good with Molosser American Bulldogs).

Alert, outgoing and friendly with a self­assured attitude. Some aloofness with strangers and assertiveness toward other dogs is not considered a fault.

Both types: dogs that are deaf or males without two testicles clearly descended.

[ClassyBulldogstype: an even or scissors bite.]

A cosmetic fault is one of a minor nature. A fault not specified as cosmetic has to do with structure as it relates to a working dog. In a show or other evaluation, the dog is to be penalized in direct proportion to the degree of the fault. Any fault which is extreme should be considered a serious fault and should be penalized appropriately.

We have not included a line drawing of a WorkingBulldogstype­ or ClassyBulldogstype­standard dog because they could not take into account the variations acceptable within the realm of the working American Bulldog. The emphasis placed on specific types in other breed standards has led to the general disintegration of the breed concerned by eliminating individuals who might have contributed significantly to respective gene pool.

Attributes other than cosmetic listed in the standard all relate to working qualities which include but are not limited to agility, endurance, leverage, biting power and heat tolerance.

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