Standard - Bull Terrier
Today's Bull Terrier is the direct descendant of the original bull-and-terrier crosses made in England, specifically to bait bulls and, later to fight in pits. The breed was standardized in England in the early 1850's by James Hinks. The first accepted color was white, but colored dogs were later allowed.
The Bull Terrier is strongly built and muscular, presenting a symmetrical appearance, with a determined and intelligent expression. The breed is active, with a sweet disposition and is responsive to discipline. Dogs should look masculine; bitches should look feminine.
Although their appearance is one of strength and agility, the breed is peaceful and tractable, with a jaunty air. The breed is categorized in two color varieties, white and colored, but is shown as one breed in UKC conformation events. The egg-shaped head, complete with naturally erect ears and small triangular eyes, give the breed a distinctive appearance.
HEAD - The head is long, strong and deep right to the end of the muzzle. The face is full and oval in outline and filled in completely, giving the impression of fullness, with no hollows or indentations (i.e., egg-shaped), without excessive muscle in the cheeks. In profile, it curves gently downward from the top of the skull to the tip of the nose. The distance from the tip of the nose to the eyes is noticeably greater than the distance from the eyes to the top of the skull.
SKULL - The forehead is flat across, from ear to ear.
MUZZLE - The underjaw is deep and well defined. The lips are clean and tight.
EYES - The eyes are well sunken and small, with a piercing glint. They should be as dark as possible. They are small, triangular in shape, and obliquely placed, set near together and high up on the head.
TEETH - A full complement of strong, even, white teeth meet in a scissors bite.
NOSE - The nose is black and bent downward at the tip. Nostrils are well developed.
EARS - The ears are small and thin. They are placed close together, and should be capable of being held stiffly erect, and should point upward.
NECK -The long, muscular neck is arched and clean, tapering from the shoulders to the head. It is free from loose skin.
FOREQUARTERS - The shoulders are strong and muscular, but not heavy. The shoulder blades are wide and flat. There is a very pronounced backward slope from the bottom edge of the blade to the top edge, forming a nearly 90-degree angle with the upper arm.
BODY - When viewed from the front, the chest is broad. There is great depth from the withers to the brisket, the brisket being nearer to the ground than the belly. The underline forms a graceful upward curve. Ribs are well sprung and the back is short and level behind the withers. Slight arch over the broad, muscular loin.
HINDQUARTERS - Muscular, with well-developed second thighs and good angulation at the stifle and hock.
HINDLEGS - Parallel when viewed from behind, with short, strong rear pasterns.
FEET - The feet are round and compact. The toes are well arched.
TAIL - The tail is short, set on low, and carried horizontally. It is thick at the root, tapering to a fine point.
COAT - The coat is short, flat, glossy and harsh to the touch. The skin fits tightly.
COLOR - The breed is categorized in two color varieties: White and Colored.
HEIGHT and WEIGHT - There are no height or weight limits, but there is an impression of maximum substance in relation to the size of the individual dog.
FAULTS - Departures from the above standard are judged as faults; their severity determined by the degree of deviation from the ideal.
DISQUALIFICATIONS - Unilateral or bilateral cryptorchid. Viciousness or extreme shyness. Unilateral or bilateral deafness. Albinism.
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